A combined experimental and first principles study of the (2 × 1)-reconstructed rutile TiO2(011) surface is presented. Our results provide evidence that the surface structure is described by a model that includes onefold coordinated (titanyl) oxygen atoms giving rise to double bonded Ti=O species. These species should play a special role in the enhanced photocatalytic activity of the TiO2(011) surface.
Reprints available from U. Diebold (diebold).
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