The first scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements on V(001) are reported. A strong surface state is detected which is very sensitive to the presence of segregated carbon impurities. The surface state energy shifts from 0.03 eV below the Fermi level at clean areas towards higher energies (up to ~ 0.2 eV) at contaminated areas. Because of the negative dispersion of this state, the upward shift cannot be described in a simple confinement picture. Rather, the surface state energy is governed by vanadium surface s-d interactions which are altered by carbon coverage.
Corresponding author: H. van Kempen. Reprints also available from M. Schmid (schmid).
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