The (111) and (100) surfaces of the Pd67Ag33 alloy have been imaged with atomic resolution by scanning tunneling microscopy. On the (111) surface, it was found that Pd atoms appear in the images about 25 pm higher than the Ag atoms. The surface concentration of palladium was determined as a function of annealing temperature (720K - 920K) and was found to vary between 5% and 11%. Analysis of the relative positions of the Pd atoms showed a tendency towards formation of isolated palladium sites. On the (100) surface, the palladium concentration in the first layer is extremely low and the system has to be forced into a non-equilibrium state to find palladium atoms in the first monolayer. Chemical contrast here amounts to a 60 pm apparent height difference.
Corresponding author: P. Wouda. Reprints also available from M. Schmid (schmid).
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