Quantum wells and electron interference phenomena in Al due to subsurface noble gas bubbles

M. Schmid, W. Hebenstreit, P. Varga, and S. Crampin*

Institut für Allgemeine Physik, Technische Universität Wien, A-1040 Wien, Austria
*School of Physics, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom

Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (1996) 2298-2301

Scanning tunneling microscopy on Ar ion-bombarded and annealed aluminum surfaces shows electron interference between the surface and subsurface bubbles of implanted gas. The depth of the bubbles as determined from the energy dependence of the standing waves indicates a minimum around 6 - 7 layers on Al(111). The appearance and energy-dependence of the interference pattern is in good agreement to scattering theory based on free electrons, and indicates the bubbles have a shape given by the Wulff construction.

Part of this work is on display in the IAP/TU Wien STM Gallery (see the electron waves&orbitals page).

Corresponding author: M. Schmid (schmid< encoded email address >).

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